Asphalt Roofing Shingles

how are asphalt roofing shingles madeHow Are Asphalt Roofing Shingles Made

Today we are going to look at how composition shingles or otherwise known as asphalt roofing shingles are made, how much they cost, what materials they are made of, and the history of this type of shingle. An asphalt roofing shingle is a type of wall or roof shingle that uses asphalt for waterproofing. It is one of the most widely used roofing covers in North America because it has a relatively inexpensive cost and is simple to install.

History Of Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Asphalt shingles are an American invention first used in 1901 and by 1939 11 million squares of shingles were being produced. Asphalt prepared roofing, the forerunner of asphalt shingles that came out in 1901, was first developed in 1893. These shingles were similar to asphalt roll roofing without the surface granules. Granules were later added in 1897 to make the material more durable. All shingles were organic at first with the base material, called felt, being primarily cotton rag until the 1920s when cotton rag became more expensive and alternative materials were used. In the 1950s adhesives began to be used to help prevent wind damage to shingle roofs.

What Are Asphalt Roofing Shingles Made Of

There are two types of base materials used to make asphalt shingles. Organic and fiberglass, both are made similar, with an asphalt-saturated base, covered on both sides with asphalt. The exposed surface is made with inner slate, schist, quartz, vitrified brick, stone, or ceramic granules. The under-side is treated with sand, talc, or mica to prevent shingles from sticking to one-another before use. The top surface granules block ultra-violet light. Ultra-violet light causes the shingles to deteriorate. So the granules provides some physical protection of the asphalt core, and also provides color. Some shingles have copper added to the surface to help prevent algae growth. Self-sealing strips are another thing used to protect your shingles from lifting in high winds.

dry looping Saturation wet loopingThe Shingle Manufacturing Process Steps

Asphalt roofing shingles are produced by passing the base material through a machine that adds the other components. The same machine can be used to make either shingles or roll roofing. There are approximately eight steps in manufacturing asphalt shingles. Steps 1, 2, & 3 in the manufacturing process is seen in the image above.

1 – Dry Looping

First, a jumbo roll 6 ft. in diameter of either organic felt or fiberglass mat is mounted and fed into the roofing machine. The base material first passes through a dry looper. Matting is accumulated accordion-style in this reservoir, so that the machine can continue to operate when the supply roll is exhausted and a new one is mounted.

2 – Saturation

Second, the base material passes through a presaturation chamber, where it is sprayed on one side with hot asphalt to drive out any moisture that may be present. It then goes into a saturator tank filled with hot asphalt. Soaking in the asphalt coats the fibers within the mat and fills the voids between them.

3 – Wet looping

Third, the matting is again formed into accordion folds. While the asphalt coating on the mat cools, it is drawn into the felt, creating an even greater degree of saturation.

Coating Mineral Surfacing Finishing Asphalt Roofing Shingles 4 – Coating

Forth, coating asphalt, which has been stabilized with powdered minerals, is applied to both surfaces of the mat. The mat passes between a pair of asphalt coating rolls. After, a coating of fine mineral particles is applied to the back surface of the mat, which then passes through a series of rollers that embed the coating particles in the asphalt and cool the material. The shingles are finished by cooling and cutting them to size.

the asphalt roofing shingle manufacturing process from start to finish5 – Granules Surfacing

Fifth, Granules that are ceramic-coated of the desired color are applied to the top surface of the asphalt-coated mat. A coating of fine particles of a mineral, such as talc or mica, is applied to the back surface of the mat. The sheet of treated mat then passes through a series of rollers that embed the coating particles in the asphalt and cool the material.  In short, in asphalt shingle production wherever there is a blender or blended granule applicator being used to apply a blend of colored granules to the top of an asphalted coated membrane surface there is the need to mix granules.  steps 3, 4 & 5  in how asphalt roofing shingles are made you can see in the image above. 

cooling looper systems for asphalt roofing shingles 6 – Cooling Finishing Looper

Sixth, the strip of roofing material is accumulated, accordion-style, on a cooling looper to finish cooling. the long continuous strip that will be cut into asphalt roofing shingles. This is an important step so the new asphalt roofing shingles will not stick together when they are bundled and packaged. See the image to the right.

Some time ago we our team at Texas Home Exteriors was on tour to see how roofing shingle are made, we seen this cooling looper. Not shown in this pic is the huge fans behind that were blowing on the newley heated shingle strip to cool it down to a lower temperature. 


asphalt roofing shingle cutting machine7 – Cutting

Seventh, the sheet of finished shingle material then passes into a cutting machine, where it is cut from the backside into the desired size and shape. The machine separates the shingles and stacks them in bundles. Bundles generally contain enough shingles to roof 25-35 sq. ft. See image to the right. 

This asphalt roofing shingle cutting michenne is often call a cutting press. As you can see it is quite large and one of the most heaviest of the machines due to the roller and it’s pressing capabilities. 



asphalt roofing shingle bundle conveyors processing machine 8 – Packaging & Bundling 

Eighth, the bundles of roofing shingles are transferred to equipment that wraps them and affixes labels. This is called an asphalt roofing shingle bundle conveyor as see in this image to the right. 

How Much Do Asphalt Shingles Cost

Asphalt shingles cost anywhere from eighty dollars to two hundred + dollars per square deping on the style and length of warranty offered. A square covers approximately one hundred square feet. A typical two-story, 2,300-square-foot house with a medium-pitch roof, has a roof area of about 1,500 square feet.


Asphalt Roofing Shingle Web Links: 

Wikipedia – Asphalt Roof Shingle
Certainteed – How Asphalt Roofing Shingle Made
IKO – What Are Shingles Made Of
MadeHow – Shingle
PacificWestRoofing – Asphalt Shingles 

Conclusion Of How Asphalt Roofing Shingles Are Made

So in conclusion, asphalt roofing shingles are made of many different materials and have a lot of steps to making them. A lot of times they are organic and the materials are as well. They come from a long line of history and are the most often used roofing shingle today. Asphalt roofing shingles are one of the best type of shingles for your home’s roof because they work hard to protect it and are affordable. Thank you from, Texas Home Exteriors

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Best Of Houzz 2018

Texas Home Exteriores Best Of Houzz 2018 TEXAS HOME EXTERIORS of HOUSTON TEXAS

Awarded Best Of Houzz 2018

Here at Texas Home Exteriors (THE) we were so thrilled when the office staff found that we were recognized by the Houzz community for the fifth year in a row! It is such an honor that we have received this achievement award once again!

Houzz has over 40 Million Monthly Unique Users and they Nominated THE as Houston Texas Best Home Building Remodeling and Design Professionals. Houzz has a large influence in North America and Around the Globe. 

HOUSTON, USAJanuary 23, 2018 – Texas Home Exteriors of Houston has won “Best Of Customer Service” on Houzz®, the leading platform for home remodeling and design. The Houston Texas based siding, roofing and windows company was chosen by the more than 40 million monthly unique users that comprise the Houzz community from among more than one million active home building, remodeling and design industry professionals.

Best Of Houzz Awards Categories 

The Best Of Houzz is awarded annually in three categories: Design, Customer Service and Photography. Design award winners’ work was the most popular among the more than 40 million monthly users on Houzz. Customer Service honors are based on several factors, including the number and quality of client reviews a professional received in 2017. Architecture and interior design photographers whose images were most popular are recognized with the Photography award. A “Best Of Houzz 2018” badge will appear on winners’ profiles, as a sign of their commitment to excellence. These badges help homeowners identify popular and top-rated home professionals in every metro area on the Houzz website.

Texas Home Exteriors is honored to receive the Customer Satisfaction award from Houzz for our fifth year in a row, thank you to our amazing community of homeowners and partners in Houston and the surrounding areas we service.

“The Houzz community selected a phenomenal group of Best of Houzz 2018 award winners, so this year’s recipients should be very proud,” said Liza Hausman, Vice President of Industry Marketing at Houzz. “Best of Houzz winners represent some of the most talented and customer-focused professionals in our industry, and we are extremely pleased to give them both this recognition and a platform on which to showcase their expertise.” Houzz is a library of great photos and design ideas like no other!  

Follow Texas Home Exteriors on HouzzFaceBookPinterestTwitter & Google  

About Texas Home Exteriors

Texas Home Exteriors, our owner Greg Kapitan “Kapitan The Siding Man” and their team of professionals comes to you with over 35 years combined experience in the construction trade. Siding, Roofing and Replacement Windows are our speciality.

Our expertise in the areas of exterior Home Improvement and Energy –Efficiency has been demonstrated on numerous completed jobs and happy customers over the years throughout the greater Houston, Spring, The Woodlands, Livingston and surrounding metro areas of Texas. Greg Kapitan also installs some home interior home improvement services as well. 

Texas Home Exteriors INC specializes in installation of products and projects such as HardiPlank Siding, durable LP SmartSide Siding, Vinyl Replacement Windows, Pergolas, Patio Covers and Roofing Options including GAF Lifetime Roofing Options. Our products and services are the most Energy Efficient and innovative in the business. Many homeowners in Houston choose to take advantage of their Texas EZ Pay Financing options to pay for their roofing, siding and/or windows replacement projects. A job that costs $10,000 is only $100 a month with zero downpayment and no prepayment penalties ever. 

Our THE team sales representatives professional, experienced and have integrity. Our project manager’s visit the job sites to ensure the best possible installation and experience for homeowners through communication and quality control leading to happy customers like those on Houzz! Our crews are trained, skilled and experienced for superior workmanship. The THE Team works together for the best in customer satisfaction. We want you home improvement to be a pleasant experience. 

About Houzz

Houzz is the leading platform for home remodeling and design, providing people with everything they need to improve their homes from start to finish – online or from a mobile device. From decorating a small room to building a custom home and everything in between, Houzz connects millions of homeowners, home design enthusiasts and home improvement professionals across the country and around the world. If you enjoy improving your home, this is a great website to visit. 

The Worlds Home Improvement Design Database

With the largest residential design database in the world and a vibrant community empowered by technology, Houzz is the easiest way for people to find inspiration, get advice, buy products and hire the professionals they need to help turn their ideas into reality. Houzz is headquartered in Palo Alto, CA, Houzz also has international offices in London, Berlin, Sydney, Moscow, Tel Aviv and Tokyo. Houzz and the Houzz logo are registered trademarks of Houzz Inc. worldwide. For more information, visit Texas Home Exteriors Best Of Houzz 2018.

Thank you Houzz from all of us here at, Texas Home Exteriors!! 

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Roofing Manufacturers

Top Roofing Shingle Manufacturers

As a homeowner you have the choice to choose the top roofing shingle manufacturers  of your choice. Having said that, we have put together a list of the top roofing shingle manufacturers below. We have also put together the USP (Unique Selling Position) of each so you can see their strengths and marketing differences. 

GAF Roofing Shingle Products Manufacturing Logo 1# GAF

Founded way back in 1886, GAF has become North America’s largest manufacturer of commercial and residential roofing in volumin sales. GAF is growing the company to nearly $3 billion in roofing materials sales has been a result of the company’s relentless pursuit of quality, combined with industry-leading expertise and comprehensive roofing solutions.

GAF is know for designing and manufacturing roofing matters that are innovative and cutting edge as contractors countrywide will attest to. For instance, in the Texas and southern Florida wind zone they have products that meet or surpass the wind load needed to ensure that shingles will not blow off a homeowners home. 

Marketing USP of GAF  

Timberline High Definition Shingles 

Each GAF Timberline roofing shingle is available in three versions; Timberline Natural Shadow, Timberline HD High Definition, and Timberline Ultra HD High Definition. By far and away this roofing shingle is their biggest seller and still continues to this day. 

Owens Corning Roofing Shingle Products Manufacturing Logo #2 Owens Corning

Owens Corning is a global company that develops and produces insulation, roofing, and fiberglass composites. The company was formed in 1935 in Illinois. They market and sell their products all over the world.

Marketing USP of Owens Corning 

The Pink Panther

Owens Corning is known for tit’s famious Pink Panther and pink insulation. It’s roofing shingles have a fiberglass mat that is also pink in color. Their roofing shingles most popular line is the Owens Corning Oakridge series.  

Certainteed Roofing Shingle Products Manufacturing Logo #3 Certainteed Corporation

The Certainteed Corporation manufactures more than just roofing shingles. From drywall to siding and trim, from insulation, to decking & fencing Certainteed manufacturer many products. The Landmark roofing shingles is by far their most popular product that they manufacture. 

Marketing USP of Certainteed Corporation 

Be Certain & Guaranteed 

The Certainteed company has done weill to make their USP uneek by spinning it off of their name. Quality made certain and satisfaction Guaranteed.  It for sure is a fun way to remember their name and what they stood for. 

TAMKO Roofing Shingle Products Manufacturing Logo #4 TAMKO

TAMKO — from the first letters of the five states the company anticipated as its sales territory: Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma. That is where they got their start in the roofing manufacture inDustry. 

Marketing USP Of TAMKO

Many Shingle Colors Available 

In a nutshell TAMKO has some of the nicest color blends on the market. They range from soft and shuttle to vibrant and pronounced. From the start they have manufactured roofing shingles that have great color tones and strong blends. 

Atlas Roofing Shingle Products Manufacturing Logo #5 Atlas Roofing

Atlas Roofing Shingles manufacturing is known for being a creative homeowner friedley company. Atlas Roofing Manufacturing has been in business since 1982 and has now 24 factories across the USA. The Atlas Roofing Corporation is made up of 4 divisions: 
#1 Roof Shingles & Underlayments
#2 Roof & Wall Insulation
#3 EPS
#4 Web Technologies.

Marketing USP Of Atlas

CEP & Breathe In The AtlasPHERE 

Like any other roofing shingle manufacturer, Atlas prides itself on continuing  education. They are happy to offer several of their Atlas Roofing Continuing Education Programs. This is available to those who would like to take advantage of great industry education that is offered. This will come from one of the knowledgeable sales representatives at Atlas Roofing Manufacturing. They are happy to help. 

Here are some helpful top roofing manufacturers links below. Keep in mind that we all might not agree on the order. 

ASAP Roofing – Best Roofing Shingle 

The Roofery 

Consumer Reports – Best Roofing Buying Guide  

HomeAdvisor – Best Roof Shingles 

We hope that you have enjoyed this post on the top roofing shingle manufacturers. Thank you from all of us here at Texas Home Exteriors INC


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Best Roofing Blogs

Best Top Ten Roofing Blogs To Follow

In the construction world it is best to keep up with the times. This is most certainly true regardless if your are a homeowner or weekend project warrior. If you are looking to repair, replace, build, or just learn about roofs, you have come to the right place. This page has the top ten roofing blogs to follow and will help you find anything you need to know about roofs. It will link you to a more specific blog, about the subject you are looking for, with a brief description of what the blog is about.

Angie's List Logo#1. Angie’s List – 6 Tips for Choosing a Roofing Contractor

Everybody needs a good contractor for roofing, this roof blog from Angie’s List will help you find one. It gives you info on insurance, pricing and more. It can help you find local contractors and get the job details. Reading this blog will definitely help you find the right roofing contractor for installing a new quality roof on your home.

Angie’s List – Tips Choosing Roofing Contractor

Good Housekeeping logo#2. Good Housekeeping – 8 Warning Signs That Your Roof Needs To Be Replaced

Knowing when to replace a roof can be hard, this blog will help with that. Find out the different warning signs like bald spots, cracked shingles, or moss. There are many ways to tell when replacing your roof is a good idea. No one likes a leaky roof, right? Good Housekeeping is a great home improvement roofing blog to follow.

Good Housekeeping – When To Replace Your Roof

Nu Look Home Design logo #3. Nu Look Home Design – Should I Repair or Replace My Roof?

Knowing whether to repair or to just replace your roof is always a good thing. Why spend more money replacing your roof when you can just repair it? There are many ways to tell if you need to replace your roof and this roofing blog will help you decide whether to repair or replace this roof. It will also help you figure out if you just need to patch the old roof and the pros and cons of doing so. 

Nu Look Home – Repair Replace Roof

Smart Cities Dive Logo #4. Smart Cities – Eight Eco Friendly Roofing Materials When Building a Roof

If you love the environment, love to save energy, and love to recycle, you will also love to invest in an eco friendly roof. This blog is here to tell you about all the eco friendly roof materials there are and how good they are for the environment. Not only will the eco friendly roof help the environment, it will help you to! This is a great roofing blog to follow. 

Smart Cities Dive – Eco Friendly Roofing 

HeatTrak Logo#5. Heat Trak – How the Different Winter Elements Affect Your Home’s Roof

During the winter season, many things can affect your roof, and it’s good to know what does. This blog will help you figure that out and will also give you some pointers. This will explain wind damage and the damage snow and ice can have on your roof. It will also tell you how to prevent these damages.

Blog Heat Trak – Winter Affects Roof

Knockout Roofing logo#6. Knockout Roofing – Spring Cleaning Checklist for Your Roof

Check out this roofing blog after the harsh winter, spring finally comes, the ice and snow melts, and now it’s time for spring cleaning. So, don’t forget your roof. Here is a checklist for cleaning and checking your roof. Make sure to clean the gutters and check your roof for loose shingles.

Knockout Roofing – Spring Roof Checklist

Schulte Roofing Logo#7. Schulte Roofing – What to Look for in a Roof When Buying a Home

Buying a new home can be difficult, especially when you move in and find out your roof leaks. Checking the roof before buying a home is essential. Having said that, this roofing companies blog will tell you what to look for.

Schulte Roofing – Look Roof Buying Home

Roof Cost Estimator logo#8 Roof Cost Estimator – Top 15 Roof Types, Plus Their Pros & Cons

This blog will help you find out what type of roof you want to build for your new home. It will explain the different shapes and sizes. It will also go into detail about the pros and cons of each roof.

Roof Cost Estimator – Roof Types 

Homeadvisor logo#9 Home Advisor – Types of Roofing Shingles

Much like the last roofing blog this one goes into detail about roof shingle types. This blog will help you pick the perfect shingles for you. It will also discuss what each shingle does and doesn’t do. Great information here that you should consider.

Home Advisor – Types Roofing Shingles 

Homeadvisor logo#10. Home Advisor – How Much Does A New Roof Cost To Install?

This last blog is one of the most helpful blogs I’ve found. It goes into great detail about roof replacement costs and much more. It also has all different types of things you need to know about your roof. From your shingles to your gutters.

Home Advisor – Cost Install Roof 

Final Thoughts For Roofing Blogs To Follow

As you can imagine there are many blogs to follow that have some great home improvement advice and tips. If you are looking for insite and just would like to learn more about roofing then these are great blogs to follow. We are hoping that you have enjoyed our blog on the top 10 roofing blogs to follow.  Thanks from all of us here at, Texas Home Exteriors INC

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Need to Replace Your Old Roof?

old roof that needs to be replaced in houston txHow to Know When You Need
to Replace That Old Roof

How often do you look at your roof? Most people don’t look at their roof very often, since most people, that own their home is too busy with their kids or jobs. Especially me, the only time I notice my roof is when I’m coming up the driveway or on my way home, but even then, it’s just a passing glance.

Even so, inspecting your roof regularly and making little fixes as needed can prevent some costly repairs down the road. There’s another benefit, too; keeping your roof in good condition will also be a big plus if you decide to sell your home. So, what are the most noticeable signs that you need to replace your roof?

roof asphalt shingles missing granulesWhat Are the Signs Of A Roof That Is Needing Replacement?

  • Shingle edges are curled, or shingle tabs are cupped
  • Bald spots where granules are missing
  • Cracked shingles
  • Neighbors are getting new roofs
  • Your roof is at least 20 years old
  • The roof just looks old and worn
  • Dark streaks
  • Moss
  • Cracked, torn, bald or missing shingles
  • Loose material or wear around chimneys, vents, pipes or other penetrations

missing roof shinglesLet’s Review Your Roof 

When you glance at the exterior of the roof, pay attention to such things as damaged flashing, missing shingles, curling, blistering, buckling, rotting and algae growth.

While many shingles today are produced for durability, if your roof is over 15 years of age then it’s definitely time to replace. Due to the fact that many factors can accelerate the aging of shingles. For example, if your roof is not properly ventilated, it can negatively impact your shingles

If your neighbors are replacing their roof, it is probably a good idea to consider replacing yours as well. Since, homes built around the same time period can experience the same types of weather conditions and other things.

If you start to see dark streaks on your shingles, it can mean that your roof has contracted a type of airborne algae. While this may not necessarily harm the roof shingles, it may not look good either. This may not always mean you have to replace your roof, but it is a good warning sign that your roof is getting older. The algae however, can be a very easy thing to remove by using a 50:50 blend of water and bleach spray on your roof. It is important to use a low volume garden hose, so you do not knock the protective granules off your shingles. It is also important that you protect your landscaping from the bleach run-off.

Moss growth can be more than a cosmetic issue, it can grow on roof surfaces that don’t get much sunlight especially in cool, moist climates, it holds moisture against the roof surface and overtime in freezing climates can cause damage to the granules on the top of the shingles. Moss can be brushed off, but it won’t prevent it from growing again; take care not to damage the shingle surface. Since moss is harder to remove then algae and it will almost always grow back, you will probably want to contact a professional. This way you have a better chance of not inflicting damage to your shingles.

Roof Materials

 Determining when you need a new roof also depends on roofing material as well as the part of the country in which you live. With that being said, I have a few tips for roofing materials.

  • Cedar: A cedar roof in need of repair or replacement will split and fall apart in dry climates. In moist climates, it will get mossy. The lifespan of a cedar roof is about 20 years and this type of roof is most costly.
  • Composition: Look for cracking, granular loss as a build up in your gutters, also curling or crumbling. This roof is most cost effective. 
  • Tile: You should examine the tiles very often, to check for cracks, however do not do so by walking on them, this can cause them to crack. Tile roofs can last up to 100 years, but individual tiles can break. They can be replaced, but only by a roof specialist.
  • Concrete: Should never need replacing and is often the most costley option

Find the Simple Roof Fixes

If your roof is under the age of 20 then most damages can be repaired rather than being replaced. Repairing instead of replacing can also save you some money as well as time. Start protecting your home by using some simple observation skills. If you find problems, it doesn’t necessarily mean you need to replace your roof. Many repairs can be made before a major rebuild is necessary. So, when it isn’t necessary don’t rush into replacing your roof.

If you do decide to go ahead and replace the whole roof, keep weather and other issues specific to your locality in mind when choosing materials. Also, don’t wait until water is unexpectedly pouring into your home because of a leaky roof. Repair before you have no other choice but to replace.

How to DIY a Shingle Repair

  • Locate the damaged shingle, lift it up with your fingers and pry out the nail with the back of your hammer
  • Remove any old roofing cement residue with a wet rag and paint scraper
  • Round off the back corners of the new shingle with a sharp knife or box cutter
  • Slide the new shingle into place and secure it with roofing nails into each upper corner
  • Cover the nail heads with roofing cement

If your DIY or repair skills aren’t up to par, it may be a good idea to find a roofer. It is always better to ask for help then it is to let your pride take over and mess something major up.

Time To Replace Your Roof Links

Time – Replace Roof Need To Know
Good Housekeeping – When Replace Roof

Angie’sList – Warning Signs New Roof 

How to Find a Roof Contractor To Replace Your Old Roof

If you think you need to replace your entire roof, research and find a reputable contractor. Make sure their license is authentic and up-to-date. Pay attention to whether their references recommend them without hesitation.

You can also check sites like Google, Houzz, HomeAdvisor or Thumbtack for verified reviews of contractors in your zip code.


Always check your roof for damage. Watch out for algae and moss, make sure to know the difference between the two. Decide on the right roof materials for your area, climate, and weather. Find the simpler fixes, the can save you money and time in the long run. Always make sure that you know what you’re doing when you are repairing your own shingles. If you are not sure what you are doing call a contractor. When dealing with a roofing contractor to replace your roof, make sure that his license and all his paperwork is up to date.  Thank you from all of us here at Texas Home Exteriors

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